|Born in Paris in 1905, philosopher, existentialist, writer and dramaturge, author of "Being and Nothingness", "Huis Clos", "Les Mouches", "Les Mains Sales","La Nausee" "Critique of Dialectic Reason","Les Mots" for which he received, in 1960 the nobel prize that he declined, director of the forbidden "Cause du peuple" and "Liberation" until 1974.
Sartre was a professor of philosophy when he joined the French Army at the outbreak of World War II. Captured by the Germans, he was released, after nearly a year, in 1941. He immediately joined the French resistance as a journalist. He joined the Communist Party (PC) because of the need to take active part in the fight for the proletarian.
His existentialist philosophy, proposes no god, no ethic, no moral, and was meant to be a cleaning of the old secular values, where god is replaced by some ethical statements; and completely denied the existence of some kind of rules or clues to behave. The solution, was the subject being conscious of his position towards the world, and the good faith, whose former question was "what would happen if all acted this way" The decision of the subject in good faith, and freedom, was the real act of man.
In the postwar era, Jean-Paul Sartre, became one of the most influential men of this century. He died in Paris in 1980.
1964 Nobel Laureate in Literature - for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a farreaching influence on our age. (Declined the prize.)
"It is not the same thing if I sign Jean-Paul Sartre or if I sign Jean-Paul Sartre, Nobel Prize winner. A writer must refuse to allow himself to be transformed into an institution, even if it takes place in the most honorable form." ... Sartre